This page provides a brief overview of projects in which the Drought team is or has been involved. All projects are directly or indirectly linked to the work under EDO or GDO. More information on each project can be found following the links provided.
This project is financed by DG DEVCO and focusses on capacity building. The project is executed by 6 scientific teams in the JRC each partnering with colleagues in their domain. The Drought team provides in this project technical support to regional meteorological services in the ACP (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific) Countries. Guideline for the project was the successful development together with CIIFEN in Ecuador of a Open-Source Drought Observatory called SCADO
(South, Central American Drought Observatory) that resulted from the EuroCLIMA project. We partner with ICPAC (IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre) in Kenya to implement a open source based web-map server connected to a large spatial database, while creating the system specifications together. The new system is called MUKAU after a tree that grows in the dry-lands of East Africa. The result of this collaboration allows to improve the robustness of the Global Drought Observatory (GDO) providing higher resolution information and knowledge and with the development of new indices specified by African scientists.
The Global Water Partnership (GWP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) launched a joint Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) in 2013 to improve monitoring and prevention of drought in various parts of the world – among them also in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), which is seriously vulnerable to drought. The vulnerability to this natural hazard alerted the public, governments and operational agencies in the CEE to many socio-economic problems accompanying water shortage. Whether due to natural climate variability or climate change, there is an urgent need to develop better drought monitoring and management systems, as well as a broader proactive social response to manage drought risks.
The scope of IDMP is “to support stakeholders at all levels by providing them with policy and management guidance through the globally coordinated generation of scientific information and sharing best practices and knowledge for integrated drought management”. At the planning and implementation level, the primary beneficiaries of the programme are government institutions and agencies responsible for developing drought management policies and/or implementing systems for drought monitoring and prediction and drought risk mitigation and response at multiple time scales and regional, national and local spatial scales. The secondary beneficiaries are decision-makers and managers whose task is to implement these policies, including drought mitigation and adaptation. These beneficiaries also include non-governmental institutions involved in regional and national drought advocacy, awareness and response efforts.
IDMP CEE also promotes EDO as European drought data exchange platform. More on IDMP CEE can be found at www.gwp.org/GWP-CEE/IDMPCEE/
EUROCLIMA is an Initiative Programme funded by the Directorate General for Development and Cooperation (DG DEVCO) of the European Commission (EC) that aims at improving the knowledge of Latin American (LA) decision-makers and the scientific community on issues and consequences of climate change, particularly in view of integrating these topics into sustainable development strategies. The Initiative is implemented by the Joint Research Center (JRC) of EC, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and EuropeAid (DG DEVCO), with the support of the Technical Assistance (TA) of the Programme. JRC and ECLAC focus their research on Biophysical and Socio-economic problems and their relation to climate change and its impacts on the region.
The JRC was responsible for coordinating the Biophysical Component of the Programme following 5 thematic issues:
(i) Soils, (ii) Food Security, (iii) Water Resources, (iv) Sustainability of Bio Energy and (v) Desertification Land Degradation and Drought. Through its DESERT action the JRC is responsible for developing methodologies and tools for monitoring and assessing drought events and the problem of land degradation and desertification from regional to global scales in LA. The main objectives of the EUROCLIMA Desertification Land Degradation and Drought(DLDD) activity are:
-to allow for a coordinated collection, harmonization, analysis, and distribution of relevant data for assessing and monitoring drought and the problem of land degradation and desertification in Latin America;
- to contribute to a regional to global information system on drought and desertification in the longer run;
- to improve the knowledge of the Latin American decision makers and the scientific community on the problems and consequences of DLDD.
The collected datasets and derived products will be integrated and made available to regional LA partners using a map server, which is currently under development in support of the New World Atlas of Desertification (WAD), coordinated by JRC and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). A network of LA institutions will support the implementation of the DLDD Information System and will contribute to this system through their own developed products. The provided data and tools constitute a base platform for comparing and retrieving added value information on DLDD for Latin American countries.
More information on EUROCLIMA can be found here
DEWFORA is the "Improved Drought Early Warning and FORecasting to strengthen preparedness and adaptation to droughts in Africa" project. DEWFORA is an FP7 Small or Medium Scale Focused Research Project where 19 different partners from Africa and Europe are participating.
The principal aim of DEWFORA is to develop a framework for the provision of early warning and response through drought impact mitigation for Africa. This framework will cover the whole chain from monitoring and vulnerability assessment, to forecasting, warning, response, and knowledge dissemination. DEWFORA will address existing capabilities for drought monitoring in Africa and develop improved drought indicators that consider the wider domain of water use and water users, and their dependence on variable water resources.
Through these improved indicators vulnerability to drought at different scales across Africa will be assessed. These indicators will be applied to map drought vulnerability in the current climate, but also the change in drought hazard and vulnerability in the future, changed, climate. Through this understanding, drought preparedness and adaptation strategies appropriate to the African context will be developed.
Warning thresholds that can be reliably forecasted, and advanced meteorological, hydrological and agricultural forecasting methods to predict these thresholds will be developed. Four regional case studies; the Eastern-Nile basin, the Limpopo Basin, the Niger basin, and the Oum-er-Rbia basin, as well as one continental scale African case study will facilitate knowledge development, and through detailed comparison of drought forecasting, mitigation and adaptation practices in Europe and Africa the proposal will help advance these in Africa as well as in Europe. DEWFORA will focus on effective dissemination and knowledge transfer through interaction with stakeholders and capacity building programmes in Africa.
More information on DEWFORA can be found here
The main aim of the CARPATCLIM project was to improve the basis of climate data in the Carpathian Region for applied regional climatological studies such as a Climate Atlas and drought monitoring. The service investigated the temporal and spatial structure of the climate in the Carpathian Mountains and the Carpathian basin with unified or directly comparable methods. Before, there is no valid description of the climate of the Carpathian Region. The main objectives of the project were:
- Improve the availability and accessibility of a homogeneous and spatially representative time series of climatological data for the Carpathian Region through data rescue, quality control, and data homogenisation;
- Ensure Carpathian countries data harmonisation with special emphasis on across country harmonisation and production of gridded climatologies per country;
- Develop a Climate Atlas as a basis for climate assessment and further applied climatological studies as well as for drought monitoring in the Carpathian Region in the frame of the European Drought Observatory.
The EuroGEOSS project aimed to enhance collaboration and data exchange in the thematic areas of drought, forestry and biodiversity. The infrastructures developed in the project were based on GEOSS and INSPIRE regulations for interoperability (GEOSS is the Global Earth Observation System of Systems and INSPIRE is the directive on an Infrastructure of Spatial Data of the European Commission). The objective was to enhance the reuse of existing data collections and applications and derive new insights through the analysis of the data made available.
The drought group of the EuroGEOSS project worked on the integration of drought-related data from continental, national, regional and local organisations. The goal was improving the decision making capabilities of the European Drought Observatory by complementing continental overview data with data from more detailed scales. The EuroGEOSS infrastructure guided its users through the following steps: data discovery, data visualization, data analysis, data download. This website provides relevant tools and links in the "Data & Tools"
More information on the EuroGEOSS project can be found here